Kids who break the rules and resist authority are more likely to be successful
Meanwhile, another study – published in the journal Developmental Psychology – found that naughty kids are more likely to be successful in life!
Researchers from the universities of Luxembourg and Illinois, the Berlin-Brandenburg Institute and the Leibniz Institute in Germany analysed report cards of children at schools in Luxembourg in the 1960s.
They then looked at the income of these same school children when they were adults.
They found that kids who weren’t delinquents but talked back, resisted authority, were headstrong and often broke the rules as kids, were more likely to earn more than their well-behaved peers.
“Personality-related characteristics and student behaviour measured early in life are important predictors of life outcomes in midlife,” say researchers in the study notes.
“Rule breaking and defiance of parental authority was the best non-cognitive predictor of higher income after accounting for IQ, parental socio-economic status and educational attainment.”
The reason for this?
“One explanation … was that such individuals value competition more than their peers,” the researchers wrote.
Children with these head strong qualities may have “higher levels of willingness to stand up for their own interests and aims”, for example, negotiating salaries.
“We also cannot rule out that individuals who are likely or willing to break rules get higher pay for unethical reasons,” add the study authors.
“Research in the field of organisational psychology showed that employees invest in unethical or deviant workplace behaviour when they are not satisfied with their income and they have a high level of love of money.”